Plant multisubunit RNA polymerase V (Pol V) transcription recruits Argonaute-small interfering RNA (siRNA) complexes that specify sites of RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) for gene silencing. Pol V's largest subunit, NRPE1, evolved from the largest subunit of Pol II but has a distinctive C-terminal domain (CTD). We show that the Pol V CTD is dispensable for catalytic activity in vitro yet essential in vivo. One CTD subdomain (DeCL) is required for Pol V function at virtually all loci. Other CTD subdomains have locus-specific effects. In a yeast two-hybrid screen, the 3'→ 5' exoribonuclease RRP6L1 was identified as an interactor with the DeCL and glutamine-serine (QS)-rich subdomains located downstream of an Argonaute-binding subdomain. Experimental evidence indicates that RRP6L1 trims the 3' ends of Pol V transcripts sliced by Argonaute 4 (AGO4), suggesting a model whereby the CTD enables the spatial and temporal coordination of AGO4 and RRP6L1 RNA processing activities.
Functional dissection of the Pol V largest subunit CTD in RNA-directed DNA methylation
- Craig Pikaard
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